Anya-gyerek kapcsolat

Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low-birth-weight infants

Conde-Agudelo A, Belizán JM, Diaz-Rossello J.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Mar 16;(3):CD002771.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC), originally defined as skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn, frequent and exclusive or nearly exclusive breastfeeding, and early discharge from hospital, has been proposed as an alternative to conventional neonatal care for low birthweight (LBW) infants.

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is evidence to support the use of KMC in LBW infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal care.

Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants (2012)

Moore ER, Anderson GC, Bergman N, Dowswell T.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 May

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation postbirth is common in Western culture. Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and involves placing the naked baby, head covered with a dry cap and a warm blanket across the back, prone on the mother's bare chest. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neurobehaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs. This time may represent a psychophysiologically 'sensitive period' for programming future physiology and behavior.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of early SSC on breastfeeding, physiological adaptation, and behavior in healthy mother-newborn dyads.

Cortisol regulation in 12-month-old human infants: associations with the infants' early history of breastfeeding and co-sleeping

Beijers R, Riksen-Walraven JM, de Weerth C.
Stress. 2012 Nov 1.

Abstract

Experiences during early life are suggested to affect the physiological systems underlying stress responses, including the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA-axis). While stressful early experiences have been associated with dysregulated HPA-axis functioning, positive early experiences, i.e. high maternal caregiving quality, contribute to more optimal HPA-axis functioning. Influences of other early caregiving factors, however, are less well documented. The goal of this study was to examine whether breastfeeding and co-sleeping during the first six months of life was associated with infant cortisol regulation, i.e. cortisol reactivity and recovery, to a stressor at 12 months of age.

Early contact versus separation: effects on mother-infant interaction one year later.

Bystrova K et al.
Birth. 2009 Jun;36(2):97-109.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A tradition of separation of the mother and baby after birth still persists in many parts of the world, including some parts of Russia, and often is combined with swaddling of the baby. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction of practices used in the delivery and maternity wards, including practices relating to mother-infant closeness versus separation.

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