A csecsemő gondozása

Colic and crying syndromes in infants.

Barr RG.
Pediatrics. 1998 Nov;102(5 Suppl E):1282-6.

Abstract

Colic or excessive crying is one of the most frequent problems presented to pediatricians by new parents. Organic disease accounts for <5% of infants presenting with colic syndrome. Colic may be best viewed as a clinical manifestation of normal emotional development, in which an infant has diminished capacity to regulate crying duration.

Infant Calming Responses during Maternal Carrying in Humans and Mice

Esposito G, Yoshida S, Ohnishi R, Tsuneoka Y, Rostagno Mdel C, Yokota S, Okabe S, Kamiya K, Hoshino M, Shimizu M, Venuti P, Kikusui T, Kato T, Kuroda KO.
Curr Biol. 2013 May 6;23(9):739-45.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is the earliest and most critical social relationship of mammalian infants. To promote this bond, infants have innate behaviors to seek maternal proximity and protest upon separation via communication with the mother vocally and through body movement. However, the physiological mechanisms regulating these infant behaviors remain largely undefined.

Cortisol regulation in 12-month-old human infants: associations with the infants' early history of breastfeeding and co-sleeping

Beijers R, Riksen-Walraven JM, de Weerth C.
Stress. 2012 Nov 1.

Abstract

Experiences during early life are suggested to affect the physiological systems underlying stress responses, including the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA-axis). While stressful early experiences have been associated with dysregulated HPA-axis functioning, positive early experiences, i.e. high maternal caregiving quality, contribute to more optimal HPA-axis functioning. Influences of other early caregiving factors, however, are less well documented. The goal of this study was to examine whether breastfeeding and co-sleeping during the first six months of life was associated with infant cortisol regulation, i.e. cortisol reactivity and recovery, to a stressor at 12 months of age.

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