Cumi, cumisüveg

A cumihasználat lelki zavarokhoz vezethet fiúknál

A cumizás megzavarhatja a fiúcsecsemők emocionális fejlődését, mivel a cumi akadályozza a fiatal csecsemőt abban, hogy érzelmeit arckifejezéssel hozza környezete tudtára.
A University of Wisconsin-Madison kutatói három, egymástól független vizsgálat alapján összefüggést találtak a fiúcsecsemők gyakori cumizása , illetve az emocionális érési folyamat kifejezési formáinak zavara között.

Factors predicting early discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding in the first month of life

Vieira GO, Martins CC, Vieira TO, de Oliveira NF, Silva LR.
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2010 Sep-Oct;86(5):441-4.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding in the first month of lactation, in the city of Feira de Santana, Brazil.

How Are Effective Breastfeeding Technique and Pacifier Use Related to Breastfeeding Problems and Breastfeeding Duration?

Hanne Kronborg, Michael Væth
BIRTH 36:1 March 2009

Background: Inconsistent findings leave uncertainty about the impact of pacifier use on effective breastfeeding technique. The purpose of this study was to investigate how breastfeeding technique and pacifier use were related to breastfeeding problems and duration of breastfeeding.

Pacifier as a Risk Factor for Acute Otitis Media: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Parental Counseling

Marjo Niemelä, MD, PhD, Outi Pihakari, MB, Tytti Pokka, BSc, Marja Uhari, MScDagger , and Matti Uhari, MD, PhD

PEDIATRICS Vol. 106 No. 3 September 2000, pp. 483-488

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the association between pacifier use and the increased occurrence of acute otitis media (AOM) in an intervention trial.

Breastfeeding Patterns in Relation to Thumb Sucking and Pacifier Use

Clara Aarts, MSc, Agneta Hörnell, Elisabeth Kylberg, PhD, Yngve Hofvander, MD, PhD, and Mehari Gebre-Medhin, MD, MPH, PhD

PEDIATRICS Vol. 104 No. 4 October 1999, p. e50

Abstract

Objectives. To analyze the influence of thumb sucking and pacifier use on breastfeeding patterns in exclusively breastfed infants, on the duration of exclusive breastfeeding, and on the total breastfeeding duration.

Study Design. Descriptive, longitudinal, prospective study.

Pacifier Use and Short Breastfeeding Duration: Cause, Consequence, or Coincidence?

Cesar Gomes Victora, Dominique Pareja Behague, Fernando Celso Barros, Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto, and Elizabeth Weiderpass

PEDIATRICS Vol. 99 No. 3 March 1997, pp. 445-453

Abstract

Objectives. Pacifiers are related to a shorter duration of breastfeeding. However, it is unclear whether this association is causal, because confounding, reverse causality, and self-selection of mothers may play a role. These issues were investigated through a combination of epidemiologic and ethnographic research in southern Brazil.

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