A tápszer marketing legfőbb célpontjai engedhetik meg maguknak legkevésbé a mesterséges táplálást

A Guardian és a Save the Children alapítvány legújabb felmérése szerint a tápszercégek továbbra is agresszív, alattomos és gyakran illegális módszereket alkalmaznak annak érdekében, hogy a világ legszegényebb területein élő anyákat meggyőzzék arról, hogy csecsemőiket szoptatás helyett tejporral táplálják.

A szoptatástámogatásba való befektetés hiánya világszerte sikertelenséghez vezet a szoptatási célok elérése terén

Egy új elemzés szerint újszülöttenként mindössze 4,7 USA dollár (kb. 1200 Ft) befektetés 300 milliárd dollár gazdasági nyereséget termelne 2025-re.
Az Egészségügyi Világszervezet sajtóközleménye

The Association of Prenatal Media Marketing Exposure Recall with Breastfeeding Intentions, Initiation, and Duration

Zhang Y, Carlton E, Fein SB.
J Hum Lact. 2013 May 17.


Background: Infant formula marketing, either directly to consumers or through health care providers, may influence women’s breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration. However, little is known about the impact of different types of media marketing on infant feeding intentions and behavior.

Objective: This study investigated whether different types of recalled prenatal media marketing exposure to formula and breastfeeding information are related to breastfeeding intentions and behavior.

The Burden of Suboptimal Breastfeeding in the United States: A Pediatric Cost Analysis

Melissa Bartick, Arnold Reinhold
PEDIATRICS (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1616)


Background and Objective A 2001 study revealed that $3.6 billion could be saved if breastfeeding rates were increased to levels of the Healthy People objectives. It studied 3 diseases and totaled direct and indirect costs and cost of premature death. The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding rates and adding additional diseases analyzed in the 2007 breastfeeding report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Pediatricians and the Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding

Lori B. Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH; Richard J. Schanler, MD; Karen G. O’Connor, BS; Ruth A. Lawrence, MD

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(12):1142-1149.


Objectives To survey pediatricians on their breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices and to compare these results with those of a 1995 study.

Design Cross-sectional follow-up survey.

Setting The Periodic Survey of Fellows survey conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Support for breastfeeding mothers

C Britton, FM McCormick, MJ Renfrew, A Wade, SE King

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 Issue 1


There is extensive evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mothers. In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended infants be fed exclusively on breast milk until six months of age. However, breastfeeding rates in many developed countries continue to be resistant to change.

To assess the effectiveness of support for breastfeeding mothers.

Parental Responses to Infant Crying and Colic: The Effect on Breastfeeding Duration

Cynthia R. Howard, Nancy Lanphear, Bruce P. Lanphear, Shirley Eberly, Ruth A. Lawrence
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2006, 1(3): 146-155.


Context: Infant crying can cause parental distress, and colic is associated with low maternal self-efficacy and heightened risk for depression. Breastfeeding is recognized as an effective method of calming infants, but the relationship of colic and the use of breastfeeding to remedy infant crying have not been tested for any effects on breastfeeding duration.

Talmud and Human Lactation: Cultural Basis for Increased Frequency and Duration of Breastfeeding Among Orthodox Jewish Women


Breastfeeding Medicine Mar 2006, Vol. 1, No. 1: 36-40.


Background: The relationship of cultural factors to the breastfeeding patterns has been documented. Given previous reports of the increased frequency and duration of breastfeeding in Orthodox Jewish women, an analysis of the religious and cultural basis of this phenomenon was performed.

Socio-economic determinants, maternal smoking and coffee consumption, and exclusive breastfeeding in 10 205 children

Ludvigsson, Jonas; Ludvigsson, Johnny

Acta Paediatrica, Volume 94, Number 9, September 2005, pp. 1310-1319(10)


Aim: To examine socio-economic factors, smoking, coffee consumption and exclusive breastfeeding duration.

The influence of breastfeeding technique on the frequencies of exclusive breastfeeding and nipple trauma in the first month...

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2005;81(4):310-6

Enilda M. L. Weigert, Elsa R. J. Giugliani, Maristela C. T. França, Luciana D. de Oliveira, Ana Bonilha, Lílian C. do Espírito Santo, Celina Valderez F. Köhler


Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Brazil are rising, but still remain much too low, being just 23 days in the state capitals (1). A number of different factors could be contributing to this situation, one of which is an inadequate breastfeeding technique (2).

Breastfeeding Rates in the United States: The 2002 National Immunization Survey

Ruowei Li, MD, PhD; Natalie Darling, MPH; Emmanuel Maurice, MS, MA; Lawrence Barker, PhD; and Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, PhD

ABSTRACT. Objective. In the third quarter of 2001,the National Immunization Survey (NIS) began collecting data on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding and whether it was the exclusive method of infant feeding. Using the data from the 2002 NIS, this study estimates breastfeeding rates in the United States by characteristics
of the child, mother, or family.

Feeding habits of breastfed and non-breastfed children up to 1 year old

Graciete O. Vieira , Luciana R. Silva , Tatiana de O. Vieira , João Aprígio G. de Almeida , Vilma A. Cabral

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2004;80(5):411-16


Human milk offers the nutrients that a child needs to begin a healthy life and represents the essential food for infants until their sixth month of life, as an exclusive food, and from then onwards should be complemented with other sources of nutrition until at least 2 years of age (1,2).

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