Szoptatás és szív-érrendszeri betegségek

Long-term effects of breastfeeding - A systematic review

Breastfeeding has well-established short-term benefits, particularly the reduction of morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases in childhood. A pooled analysis of studies carried out in middle/ low income countries showed that breastfeeding substantially lowers the risk of death from infectious diseases in the first two years of life.

Based on data from the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort, Quigley et al estimated that optimal breastfeeding practices could prevent a substantial proportion of hospital admissions due to diarrhea and lower respiratory tract infection. A systematic review by Kramer et al confirmed that exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months decreases morbidity from gastrointestinal and allergic diseases, without any negative effects on growth. Given such evidence, it has been recommended that in the first six months of life, every child should be exclusively breastfed, with partial breastfeeding continued until two years of age.

Duration of Lactation and Incidence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Women of Reproductive Age According to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Status: A 20-Year Prospective Study in CARDIA—The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study

Gunderson EP, Jacobs DR Jr, Chiang V, Lewis CE, Feng J, Quesenberry CP Jr, Sidney S.

Diabetes. 2009 Dec 3.

Abstract

Objective(s): To prospectively assess the association between lactation duration and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among women of reproductive age.

Duration of lactation and incidence of myocardial infarction in middle to late adulthood

Stuebe AM, Michels KB, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rexrode K, Rich-Edwards JW.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Feb;200(2):138.e1-8.

Objective
We assessed the relation between duration of lactation and maternal incident myocardial infarction.

Study Design
This was a prospective cohort study of 89,326 parous women in the Nurses' Health Study.

Does initial breastfeeding lead to lower blood cholesterol in adult life? A quantitative review of the evidence

Christopher G Owen, Peter H Whincup, Samantha J Kaye, Richard M Martin, George Davey Smith, Derek G Cook, Erik Bergstrom, Stephanie Black, Michael EJ Wadsworth, Caroline H Fall, Jo L Freudenheim, Jing Nie, Rachel R Huxley, Sanja Kolacek, C Paul Leeson, Mark S Pearce, Olli T Raitakari, Irina Lisinen, Jorma S Viikari, Anita C Ravelli, Alicja R Rudnicka, David P Strachan and Sheila M Williams

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 88, No. 2, 305-314, August 2008

Duration of lactation is associated with lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in midlife

Kavitha T. Ram, Paul Bobby, Susan M. Hailpern, Joan C. Lo, Miriam Schocken, Joan Skurnick, Nanette Santoro

American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008; 198:3 268.e1-e6

Abstract

Objective
The objective of the study was to evaluate whether lactation duration is associated with lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in midlife, parous women.

Breastfeeding During Infancy and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Adulthood

Background: Numerous studies have reported associations between the type of feeding during infancy and subsequent cardiovascular risk factors. Only 2 studies have evaluated the relation between having been breastfed and the risk of adult cardiovascular events.

Conclusions: These data suggest, but cannot establish, that breastfeeding in infancy may be associated with a small reduction in risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease in adulthood.
Epidemiology. 15(5):550-556, September 2004.

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