Szoptatási problémák

Caring for new mothers: diagnosis, management and treatment of nipple dermatitis in breastfeeding mothers.

Heller MM, Fullerton-Stone H, Murase JE.
Int J Dermatol. 2012 Oct;51(10):1149-61.


Breastfeeding is thought to be the most optimal form of infant nutrition. Nursing mothers are generally advised to continue breastfeeding until the infant is two years of age or beyond. Unfortunately, however, a majority of nursing mothers will discontinue breastfeeding much earlier than recommended. The most common reason for early discontinuation of breastfeeding is nipple pain. It is, therefore, essential that dermatologists know how to appropriately diagnose and effectively treat nipple pain associated with nipple dermatitis among nursing mothers. This review article provides a detailed discussion on the clinical features and management of various causes of nipple dermatitis during lactation, including problems with infant latch-on, congenital oral anomalies, plugged lactiferous ducts, atopic dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, yeast infections, bacterial infections, herpes simplex virus, and Raynaud's phenomenon of the nipple.

The effect of maternal breast variations on neonatal weight gain in the first seven days of life

Vazirinejad R, Darakhshan S, Esmaeili A, Hadadian S.
International Breastfeeding Journal 2009, 4:13


Background This study aims to examine whether specific maternal breast variations (such as flat nipple, inverted nipple, large breast or/and large nipple) are barriers for weight gain in breastfed infants during the first seven days of life.

How Are Effective Breastfeeding Technique and Pacifier Use Related to Breastfeeding Problems and Breastfeeding Duration?

Hanne Kronborg, Michael Væth
BIRTH 36:1 March 2009

Background: Inconsistent findings leave uncertainty about the impact of pacifier use on effective breastfeeding technique. The purpose of this study was to investigate how breastfeeding technique and pacifier use were related to breastfeeding problems and duration of breastfeeding.

Dose-effect study of domperidone as a galactagogue in preterm mothers with insufficient milk supply, and its transfer into milk

Elise W-X. Wan, Kaye Davey, Madhu Page-Sharp, Peter E. Hartmann, Karen Simmer & Kenneth F. Ilett
Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2008 August; 66(2): 283–289.


What is already known about this subject

  • Domperidone is an effective treatment for some mothers with insufficient milk supply.
  • However, dose–effect data are not available, and the safety of domperidone use in both mother and infant has been questioned.

What this study adds

Decreased Full Breastfeeding, Altered Practices, Perceptions, and Infant Weight Change of Prepregnant Obese Women

Elise Mok, Clarisse Multon, Lorraine Piguel, Emmanuelle Barroso, Valérie Goua, Patricia Christin, Marie-José Perez and Régis Hankard

PEDIATRICS Vol. 121 No. 5 May 2008, pp. e1319-e1324


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this work was to compare breastfeeding practices, perceptions, and infant weight change of prepregnant obese versus normal-weight mothers in the first 3 months postpartum.

Recognizing and Treating Delayed or Failed Lactogenesis II

Nancy M. Hurst
J Midwifery Womens Health 2007;52:588–594


Delayed or failed achievement of lactogenesis II - the onset of copious milk volume - occurs as a result of various maternal and/or infant factors. Early recognition of these risk factors is critical for clinicians who interact with breastfeeding women so that intervention and achievement of full or partial breastfeeding can be preserved.

Review of tongue-tie release at a tertiary maternity hospital

Lisa Helen Amir, Jennifer Patricia James and Joanne Beatty

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 41 (5-6), 243–245. - May 2005.


Objective: To review the first 12 months of assessment and release of lingual frenulum (frenotomy) at a breast-feeding clinic in a tertiary maternity hospital (August 2002 to end of July 2003) and to report on the breast-feeding outcomes and parental satisfaction.

Randomized, controlled trial of division of tongue-tie in infants with feeding problems

Monica Hogan, Carolyn Westcott and Mervyn Griffiths

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 41 (5-6), 246–250. - May 2005


Objective: To determine whether, in infants with a tongue-tie and a feeding problem, the current medical treatment (referral to a lactation consultant) or immediate division works best and enables the infants to feed normally.

Breastfeeding and Frenulums

Dr. Brian Palmer prezentációja kommentárokkal.


I have been evaluating frenulums and the importance of breastfeeding for many years. I am hoping this presentation will help those who believe tight frenulums can have a negative impact on breastfeeding but have not had the documentation needed to convince a doctor or parent to do anything about it. I am hoping this presentation will give you that needed documentation.

A 35-Year-Old Woman Experiencing Difficulty With Breastfeeding

JAMA. 2001;285:73-80.

Ruth A. Lawrence, MD, Discussant

MRS C, A 35-YEAR-OLD COMMUNICATIONS PROfessional, has a 3-week-old child and has been experiencing difficulty with breastfeeding. Married and living in Boston, she receives care from an obstetrician-gynecologist, Dr T, at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and has commercial health insurance in a managed care plan.

Galactocele: three distinctive radiographic appearances

A Gómez, J M Mata, L Donoso and A Rams
Radiology 1986; 158:43-44


Three radiographic appearances of galactocele of the breast not, to our knowledge, described previously in the literature were studied in 11 patients.

Mammary nodules with distinct and separate hydro-fat levels were observed in five cases. A nodule containing mixed water and fat densities was seen in one patient, while in the five remaining patients, pneumocystograms revealed masses of a water density mixed with the injected air.

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