Methadone exposure during lactation

Miguel Marcelo Glatstein, Facundo Garcia-Bournissen, Yaron Finkelstein, Gideon Koren

Can Fam Physician Vol. 54, No. 12, December 2008, pp.1689 – 1690

QUESTION One of my patients is currently using methadone for maintenance of opioid dependence. She wants to breastfeed. Is breastfeeding safe for her infant?

ANSWER The exposure of infants to methadone through their mothers’ breast milk is minimal. Women using methadone for treatment of opioid dependence should not be discouraged from breastfeeding. The benefits of breastfeeding largely outweigh any theoretical minimal risks.

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