Office treatment of congenital ankyloglossia
Sody Abby Naimer, Amnon Biton, Daniel Vardy, Alex Zvulunov
Med Sci Monit, 2003; 9(10): CR432-435
Background: Congenital oral adhesions may pose both aesthetic and functional disturbing ailments to wary parents. Most of these as we have experienced, are benign, easily cured and may be treated as soon as possible in the office. A local survey elucidated that these youngsters are usually advised to wait until one year of age and then taken into the operating room and incision of the adhesion is performed under general anesthesia. We assessed the benign nature of this ailment and relative avascularity of the tissue involved and concluded that with minimal risk an office procedure under local anesthesia can replace current practice. We also found that most referrals with this condition present with the lowest grade of severity of ankyloglossia, amenable to a very brief intervention.
Material/Methods: During the period 1998-2002 we diagnosed nineteen congenital lesions in thirteen patients. All children were treated in a community clinic setting using electrocautery under local anesthesia. Surgical success was defined as significant improvement in the ability to protrude the tongue outwards beyond the gums and teeth. Gingival adhesions were judged by release of soft tissue adhesions.
Results: Tongue Surgical success was accomplished in all cases with minimal discomfort and without complications. In one single case the previous functional limitation was not relieved.
Conclusions: Our experience indicates that office-based electrocautery dissection is an efficacious economical and safe treatment of mild congenital oral adhesions. We recommend this method as therapy of choice for such lesions.