Tag Archive for: A csecsemő gondozása

Oxitocin, a szeretetteli kötődés hormonja

Dr. Varga Katalin, egyetemi docens előadása “Az egészséges életkezdet – Transzgenerációs traumákon innen és túl” című konferencián.

A konferencia összes előadása ezen az oldalon megtekinthető.
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Colic and crying syndromes in infants.

Barr RG.
Pediatrics. 1998 Nov;102(5 Suppl E):1282-6.


Colic or excessive crying is one of the most frequent problems presented to pediatricians by new parents. Organic disease accounts for <5% of infants presenting with colic syndrome. Colic may be best viewed as a clinical manifestation of normal emotional development, in which an infant has diminished capacity to regulate crying duration. A teljes cikk a Pediatrics oldalán olvasható.
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Infant Calming Responses during Maternal Carrying in Humans and Mice

Esposito G, Yoshida S, Ohnishi R, Tsuneoka Y, Rostagno Mdel C, Yokota S, Okabe S, Kamiya K, Hoshino M, Shimizu M, Venuti P, Kikusui T, Kato T, Kuroda KO.
Curr Biol. 2013 May 6;23(9):739-45.


BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is the earliest and most critical social relationship of mammalian infants. To promote this bond, infants have innate behaviors to seek maternal proximity and protest upon separation via communication with the mother vocally and through body movement. However, the physiological mechanisms regulating these infant behaviors remain largely undefined.

RESULTS: Here we show a novel set of infant cooperative responses during maternal carrying. Infants under 6 months of age carried by a walking mother immediately stopped voluntary movement and crying and exhibited a rapid heart rate decrease, compared with holding by a sitting mother.
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Cortisol regulation in 12-month-old human infants: associations with the infants’ early history of breastfeeding and co-sleeping

Beijers R, Riksen-Walraven JM, de Weerth C.
Stress. 2012 Nov 1.


Experiences during early life are suggested to affect the physiological systems underlying stress responses, including the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA-axis). While stressful early experiences have been associated with dysregulated HPA-axis functioning, positive early experiences, i.e. high maternal caregiving quality, contribute to more optimal HPA-axis functioning. Influences of other early caregiving factors, however, are less well documented. The goal of this study was to examine whether breastfeeding and co-sleeping during the first six months of life was associated with infant cortisol regulation, i.e. cortisol reactivity and recovery, to a stressor at 12 months of age.
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Should Neonates Sleep Alone?

Morgan BE, Horn AR, Bergman NJ.
Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Nov 1;70(9):817-25.


BACKGROUND: Maternal-neonate separation (MNS) in mammals is a model for studying the effects of stress on the development and function of physiological systems. In contrast, for humans, MNS is a Western norm and standard medical practice. However, the physiological impact of this is unknown. The physiological stress-response is orchestrated by the autonomic nervous system and heart rate variability (HRV) is a means of quantifying autonomic nervous system activity. Heart rate variability is influenced by level of arousal, which can be accurately quantified during sleep. Sleep is also essential for optimal early brain development.
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Swaddling: A Systematic Review

Bregje E. van Sleuwen, MSc, Adèle C. Engelberts, MD, PhD, Magda M. Boere-Boonekamp, MD, PhD, Wietse Kuis, MD, Tom W.J. Schulpen, MD and Monique P. L’Hoir, MSc, PhD
PEDIATRICS Vol. 120 No. 4 October 2007, pp. e1097-e1106


Swaddling was an almost universal child-care practice before the 18th century. It is still tradition in certain parts of the Middle East and is gaining popularity in the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Netherlands to curb excessive crying. We have systematically reviewed all articles on swaddling to evaluate its possible benefits and disadvantages.
In general, swaddled infants arouse less and sleep longer.
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