Bejegyzés

Horta BL, Loret de Mola C, Victora CG
Acta Paediatr. 2015 Dec;104(467):14-9.

AIM: This study was aimed at systematically reviewing evidence of the association between breastfeeding and performance in intelligence tests.

METHODS: Two independent searches were carried out using Medline, LILACS, SCIELO and Web of Science. Studies restricted to infants and those where estimates were not adjusted for stimulation or interaction at home were excluded. Fixed- and random-effects models were used to pool the effect estimates, and a random-effects regression was used to assess potential sources of heterogeneity.

RESULTS: We included 17 studies with 18 estimates of the relationship between breastfeeding and performance in intelligence tests.
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Dobrova Beatrix Mária, laktációs szaktanácsadó (IBCLC) előadása “Az egészséges életkezdet – Transzgenerációs traumákon innen és túl” című konferencián.

A konferencia összes előadása ezen az oldalon megtekinthető.
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Dr. Varga Katalin, egyetemi docens előadása “Az egészséges életkezdet – Transzgenerációs traumákon innen és túl” című konferencián.

A konferencia összes előadása ezen az oldalon megtekinthető.
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Greenop KR1, Bailey HD, Miller M, Scott RJ, Attia J, Ashton LJ, Downie P, Armstrong BK, Milne E.
Nutr Cancer. 2015;67(3):431-41.

Abstract

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and childhood brain tumors (CBT) are 2 of the most common forms of childhood cancer, but little is known of their etiology. In 2 nationwide case-control studies we investigated whether breastfeeding, age of food introduction, or early diet are associated with the risk of these cancers. Cases aged 0-14 years were identified from Australian pediatric oncology units between 2003 and 2007 (ALL) and 2005 and 2010 (CBT) and population-based controls through nationwide random-digit dialing. Mothers completed questionnaires giving details of infant feeding up to the age of 2 yr.
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Krol KM, Rajhans P, Missana M, Grossmann T
Front Behav Neurosci. 2015 Jan 22;8:459.

Abstract

Much research has recognized the general importance of maternal behavior in the early development and programing of the mammalian offspring’s brain. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) duration, the amount of time in which breastfed meals are the only source of sustenance, plays a prominent role in promoting healthy brain and cognitive development in human children. However, surprisingly little is known about the influence of breastfeeding on social and emotional development in infancy. In the current study, we examined whether and how the duration of EBF impacts the neural processing of emotional signals by measuring electro-cortical responses to body expressions in 8-month-old infants.
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Carignan CC et al.
Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Feb 23.

Abstract

Background: Previous studies indicate that breast milk arsenic concentrations are relatively low even in areas with high drinking water arsenic. However, it is uncertain whether breastfeeding leads to reduced infant exposure to arsenic in regions with lower arsenic concentrations.

Objective: We estimated the relative contributions of breast milk and formula to arsenic exposure during early infancy in a U.S. population.

Methods: We measured arsenic in home tap water (n=874), urine from six-week-old infants (n=72), and breast milk from mothers (n=9) enrolled in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
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Valerie Lavigne
Clinical Lactation, 2013, Vol. 4-1, 12-16.

Abstract

Dental caries and prolonged breastfeeding still trigger much debate among professionals and parents. Some mothers are still being told to discontinue breastfeeding their toddlers because of cavities in the mouth. Parents often feel very discouraged and upset when they are forced to stop breastfeeding their toddlers. Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood, and is a disease of multifactorial etiology. This paper reviews the literature on dental caries and breastfeeding. This review revealed that there was no conclusive evidence that prolonged breastfeeding increased the risk of early childhood cavities.
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Deoni SC, Dean DC 3rd, Piryatinksy I, O’Muircheartaigh J, Waskiewicz N, Lehman K, Han M, Dirks H.
Neuroimage. 2013 May 28. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

Does breastfeeding alter early brain development? The prevailing consensus from large epidemiological studies posits that early exclusive breastfeeding is associated with improved measures of IQ and cognitive functioning in later childhood and adolescence. Prior morphometric brain imaging studies support these findings, revealing increased white matter and sub-cortical gray matter volume, and parietal lobe cortical thickness, associated with IQ, in adolescents who were breastfed as infants compared to those who were exclusively formula-fed. Yet it remains unknown when these structural differences first manifest and when developmental differences that predict later performance improvements can be detected.
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Beijers R, Riksen-Walraven JM, de Weerth C.
Stress. 2012 Nov 1.

Abstract

Experiences during early life are suggested to affect the physiological systems underlying stress responses, including the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA-axis). While stressful early experiences have been associated with dysregulated HPA-axis functioning, positive early experiences, i.e. high maternal caregiving quality, contribute to more optimal HPA-axis functioning. Influences of other early caregiving factors, however, are less well documented. The goal of this study was to examine whether breastfeeding and co-sleeping during the first six months of life was associated with infant cortisol regulation, i.e. cortisol reactivity and recovery, to a stressor at 12 months of age.
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Romero CC, Scavone-Junior H, Garib DG, Cotrim-Ferreira FA, Ferreira RI.
J Appl Oral Sci. 2011 Apr;19(2):161-8.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Nutritional, immunological and psychological benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life are unequivocally recognized. However, mothers should also be aware of the importance of breastfeeding for promoting adequate oral development. This study evaluated the association between breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking patterns and the prevalence of anterior open bite in primary dentition.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Infant feeding and non-nutritive sucking were investigated in a 3-6 year-old sample of 1,377 children, from São Paulo city, Brazil. Children were grouped according to breastfeeding duration: G1–non-breastfed, G2–shorter than 6 months, G3–interruption between 6 and 12 months, and G4–longer than 12 months.
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