Bejegyzés

2017. augusztus 1. | GENF/NEW YORK – A világon egyetlen ország sem felel meg a szoptatásra vonatkozó ajánlásoknak – ez szerepel az UNICEF és a WHO új jelentésében, amelyet a Globális Szoptatási Munkaközösséggel (Global Breastfeeding Collective), egy a globális szoptatási arányok növelésére létrejött új kezdeményezéssel együttműködve készítettek.

Globális Szoptatási Munkaközösség

A “Globális szoptatási eredményjelző-rendszer” (Global Breastfeeding Scorecard), amely 194 nemzetet értékelt, úgy találta, hogy a hat hónapnál fiatalabb gyermekeknek csak 40% -a szopik kizárólagosan (azaz anyatejen kívül nem kap mást), és csak 23 országban haladja meg a kizárólagos szoptatás aránya a 60% -ot.

A bizonyítékok azt mutatják, hogy a szoptatás kognitív és egészségügyi előnyökkel jár mind a csecsemők, mind az édesanyjuk számára.
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A Zenith International1 sajtóközleménye 2014. április 24.

Esther Renfrew, a Zenith International Piackutatási Igazgatójának áttekintése a globális piacról

Az alábbi cikk egy, az élelmiszeripar területén tanácsadással és piackutatással foglalkozó cég egyik igazgatójának összefoglalója. A cikk a befektetők és piaci szereplők számára készült, vagyis üzleti szempontból foglalkozik a csecsemők számára készült élelmiszerek (baby food) piacával. Fontos megjegyezni, hogy mindaz, ami a piaci szereplők számára pozitívum, az anyák, csecsemők és családok, továbbá a globális társadalom számára egyértelmű negatívum. Ennek a piacnak a növekedése az anyák és csecsemők egészségi állapotának romlásával, az egészségügyi kiadások növekedésével, a családok kiadásainak növekedésével (esetenként a családok fokozódó elszegényedésével), továbbá a környezetszennyezés fokozásával járnak.
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Pokhrel S, Quigley MA, Fox-Rushby J, McCormick F, Williams A, Trueman P, Dodds R, Renfrew MJ
Arch Dis Child. 2014 Dec 4.

Abstract

RATIONALE: Studies suggest that increased breastfeeding rates can provide substantial financial savings, but the scale of such savings in the UK is not known.

OBJECTIVE: To calculate potential cost savings attributable to increases in breastfeeding rates from the National Health Service perspective.

DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Cost savings focussed on where evidence of health benefit is strongest: reductions in gastrointestinal and lower respiratory tract infections, acute otitis media in infants, necrotising enterocolitis in preterm babies and breast cancer (BC) in women.
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Bartick MC, Stuebe AM, Schwarz EB, Luongo C, Reinhold AG, Foster EM.
Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Jun 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the U.S. maternal health burden from current breastfeeding rates both in terms of premature death as well as economic costs.

Methods: Using literature on associations between lactation and maternal health, we modeled the health outcomes and costs expected for a U.S. cohort of 15-year-old females followed to age 70 years. In 2002, this cohort included 1.88 million individuals. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we compared the outcomes expected if 90% of mothers were able to breastfeed for at least 1 year after each birth with outcomes under the current 1-year breastfeeding rate of 23%.
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Financial Justification for the Hospital-Based Lactation Consultant Role

Shannon Francis-Clegg, Deanne T. Francis
Intermountain Healthcare Lactation Standardization Project (2007)
Clinical Lactation, 2011, Vol. 2(1), 19-25

Abstract

Intermountain Healthcare’s Lactation Standards Team conducted a year-long indepth study to evaluate their current lactation services for staffing, patient satisfaction, patient and staff education, reimbursement patterns, cost of care and lactation-failure readmissions. The attempt was to evaluate and then standardize the lactation services within their 23-hospital system and create staffing recommendations to support optimal lactation care and support. This article represents a brief summary of recommendations based on this study. Individual portions of the project with detailed process and final results/data will be submitted for future publication.
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Melissa Bartick, Arnold Reinhold
PEDIATRICS (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1616)

Abstract

Background and Objective A 2001 study revealed that $3.6 billion could be saved if breastfeeding rates were increased to levels of the Healthy People objectives. It studied 3 diseases and totaled direct and indirect costs and cost of premature death. The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding rates and adding additional diseases analyzed in the 2007 breastfeeding report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Study Design Using methods similar to those in the 2001 study, we computed current costs and compared them to the projected costs if 80% and 90% of US families could comply with the recommendation to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months.
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Natalia León-Cava, Chessa Lutter, Jay Ross, Luann Martin

The Food and Nutrition Program (HPN)
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
The LINKAGES Project
2002 June

This annotated bibliography summarizes the published literature on the following six topics related to the benefits of breastfeeding:

  • Infant morbidity because of diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, otitis media and ear infections, and other infectious diseases
  • Infant mortality because of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection, and all causes
  • Child development
  • Chronic diseases, particularly obesity, diabetes, and cancer
  • Maternal health effects, with special emphasis on breast and ovarian cancers
  • Economic benefits



The work described here attests to the enormous benefits of breastfeeding in terms of infant health, intellectual and motor development, later chronic disease risk, and maternal health.
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JonWeimer
Food and Rural Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 13.

Summary

Successfully promoting and supporting breastfeeding in the United States may depend on persuading both mothers and society that breastfeeding is not only nutritionally sound but economically beneficial as well. Current U.S. rates of breastfeeding are 64 percent for mothers in-hospital and 29 percent at 6 months postpartum, below the recommendations of the Surgeon General (75 and 50 percent, respectively). This analysis concludes that a minimum of $3.6 billion would be saved if the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding increased from current rates to those recommended by the Surgeon General.
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Ball TM, Bennett DM.
Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 Feb;48(1):253-62.

Abstract

Health care expenditures have increased dramatically from 5% to 13.5% of the Gross Domestic Product of the United States since 1960.16 As a result, more attention has focused on the costs of medical care, which, in turn, has led to interest in evaluating the cost-effectiveness of many medical and preventive health therapies.

Breastfeeding is associated with several health benefits for infants and mothers. Compared with formula-fed infants, breastfed infants experience less acute and chronic otitis media, bronchiolitis, diarrhea, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Children who were breastfed during infancy suffer less recurrent wheezing, have a higher IQ, and develop insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus less frequently than those who are fed formula.
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Thomas M. Ball, Anne L. Wright
PEDIATRICS Vol. 103 No. 4 April 1999, pp. 870-876

Abstract

Objective. To determine the excess cost of health care services for three illnesses in formula-fed infants in the first year of life, after adjusting for potential confounders.

Methods. Frequency of health service utilization for three illnesses (lower respiratory tract illnesses, otitis media, and gastrointestinal illness) in the first year of life was assessed in relation to duration of exclusive breastfeeding in the Tucson Children’s Respiratory Study (n = 944) and the Dundee Community Study (Scottish study, n = 644). Infants in both studies were healthy at birth and represented nonselected, population-based samples.
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