Breast Milk Sugars Give Infants a Protective Coat

A large part of human milk cannot be digested by babies and seems to have a purpose quite different from infant nutrition — that of influencing the composition of the bacteria in the infant’s gut.

The details of this three-way relationship between mother, child and gut microbes are being worked out by three researchers at the University of California, Davis — Bruce German, Carlito Lebrilla and David Mills. They and colleagues have found that a particular strain of bacterium, a subspecies of Bifidobacterium longum, possesses a special suite of genes that enable it to thrive on the indigestible component of milk.
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WHO Updates Recommendations To Reduce Mother-To-Child HIV Infection

The World Health Organization issued updated guidelines for improving efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV by testing women earlier in their pregnancies and testing and treating infants sooner after their births, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Eliminating mother-to-child HIV infections by 2015 is a major goal for WHO, UNAIDS and other public health organizations. Each year, roughly 400,000 infants in developing countries are born with HIV or contract the virus during birth or while breastfeeding.


WHO ajánlás
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Skin-to-skin best for baby, mother

A St. Francis Xavier University psychology professor has some advice for new mothers.

Get close — really close — to your baby.

Dr. Ann Bigelow recently finished a research project into the benefits of skin-to-skin contact with babies. Over the past four years, she and her research team at the Antigonish university monitored about 100 mothers and babies who were born at St. Martha’s Regional Hospital in Antigonish and Aberdeen Hospital in New Glasgow.


A kutatásról

A DVD-ről
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Treating Tongue Tie Could Help More Babies Breastfeed

ScienceDaily (July 5, 2010) — Doctors advise new mothers to breastfeed for at least the first six months of a baby’s life, but a simple yet often untreated problem can sabotage their efforts, University of Florida researchers say.

Called a tongue tie, the problem occurs when the connective tissue under the tongue is too tight. A tongue tie can hinder some newborns from being able to breastfeed properly and painlessly, and this struggle can lead many new mothers to give up breastfeeding.

A simple snip can fix the problem, but many doctors still do not perform the procedure despite the effects a tongue tie can have on breastfeeding, writes UF neonatologist Sandra Sullivan, M.D., in an article published online this month in the journal Pediatrics.
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Six months of breast milk best for babies

(Reuters Health) – Babies are less likely to develop a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection if they are exclusively breastfed for at least 6 months, according to a Dutch study.

These findings, reported in the journal Pediatrics, support the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation that infants be breastfed exclusively for 6 months and support “current health-policy strategies that promote exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months in industrialized countries,” the researchers conclude.

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Scientists Reaffirm Therapies’ Effectiveness in Preventing Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

According to the findings of two new studies, mother-to-child transmission of HIV during breastfeeding could be virtually eliminated through the timely use of anti-retroviral drugs.

The studies, one conducted in Botswana and the other in Malawi, compared the effectiveness of anti-retroviral drug regimens given to HIV-infected mothers to prevent the spread of the AIDS virus to their uninfected newborns.

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Preemie moms breastfeeding

A clinic set up six months ago at St. Joseph’s Hospital is reporting initial success in its drive to have mothers of premature babies breastfeed their infants.

“We were pleasantly surprised to see how many of these women are breast feeding successfully,” said Dr. Orlanda da Silva, a neonatologist at St. Joseph’s.

A cikk folytatása
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Chocolate Formula: Baby Doesn’t Know Best

The Mead Johnson company, makers of a leading line of infant formulas (Enfamil), has reached, as Marion Nestle wrote here last month, a new low point in the nation’s nutrition history by introducing a product called Enfagrow Premium Chocolate.

This is a chocolate-flavored version (it also comes in vanilla) of formula designed for toddlers—ages 12 to 36 months, according to the company—as they transition from infancy to early childhood. The can says “Toddler Formula,” which is odd since there is no way children 12 months to 36 months even need formula.

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Breastfeeding prevents infant wheezing

Smoking during pregnancy, daycare attendance and breastfeeding are some of the main factors people can change to affect whether their infants develop wheezing.

Wheezing refers to a high-pitched whistling sound, most obvious during exhalation, which is usually caused by blockages in the small breathing tubes in the chest. Occasional wheezing is common in infancy, with an estimated 40 percent of children having at least one bout before age of 3 years. Wheezing in young children is often related to viral infections, and usually does not mean that a child will eventually be diagnosed with asthma. But young children with recurrent wheezing – defined as three or more episodes in a year – over time are relatively more likely to develop asthma, particularly if they have risk factors such as family history of allergies and asthma.
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World Health Assembly adopts two landmark Resolutions on the promotion of junk foods and baby foods

Tonight, 29 years after the adoption of the landmark International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes, the World Health Assembly adopted two new historic Resolutions which should have long lasting impact on child health.

First a Resolution proposed by Norway called for Member States to implement a set of recommendations which aim to reduce the impact on children of the marketing of ‘junk’ foods. They call on Governments to restrict marketing, including in ‘settings where children gather’ such as schools and to avoid conflicts of interest.

The ‘junk food code’ (1) as many refer to it – was closely followed by a Resolution on Infant and Young Child Nutrition, which also highlighted the impact of commercial promotion of baby foods on the health and survival of children, including the rise in childhood obesity, which is now known to be closely linked with artificial feeding, (2)

The baby food Resolution was debated over three days and tackled several controversial issues including, firstly the need to protect promote and support breastfeeding in emergencies and the need to minimise the risks of artificial by ensuring that any required breastmilk substitutes are purchased, distributed and used according to strict criteria.
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