Breastfed babies less feverish after vaccination

Breastfeeding protects babies from fever that is seen after routine immunisations.

Its common for an infant to have some fever soon after immunisation. The immune system of the babies responds with local (pain, redness, swelling) and systemic (fever, decreased appetite) reactions after vaccination. Post-vaccination fever is usually mild and of short duration. Nonetheless, 1-2% of infants can have high fever, which can represent a stress for them and their families.

Breast and bottle-fed babies are known to respond differently to vaccines and to illness. To investigate whether breastfeeding might protect against fever, researchers made 450 mothers from Italy keep track of their baby’s temperature for three days after immunisation.
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Breast Milk Does DNA Good

A newborn gulping breast milk may be doing his or her genes good, researchers say.

Breast milk, but not formula, may improve the functioning of a baby’s genes in a way that protects the infant from illness, according to a new study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Physiology, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology.

Scientists have long reported that breast is best. Breast milk-fed babies have stronger immune systems, fewer allergies and may be more resistant to chronic diseases, such as asthma, digestive disorders, and perhaps diabetes (Types I and II) and obesity.

And we now have our first clues why.
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Project to treat babies with stem cells from human milk

In a significant piece of research that will help ailing babies, scientists have discovered the presence of stem cells in human breast milk. Gynaecologist and infertility specialist Dr Satish Patki from Kolhapur and retired senior scientist from the National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS) Dr Ramesh Bhonde have for the first time documented the presence of stem cells in human milk.

A pilot study has already been undertaken where the stem cells will be given orally to sick babies, Patki said.

Speaking at a conference in Pune on Monday, Patki said the research was accepted for publication in the 23 rd volume of Human Cell, a peer review journal.
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New research finds baby milk formula exacerbates obesity. Industry partnership spins the new formulas as ‘closer to breastmilk’ breakthrough

Baby Milk Action Press release

The results of two studies, the EU Childhood Obesity Project (CHOP) and the Early Nutrition Programming Project (EARNEST) (1) being presented at a Congress in Munich this week, show that the composition of formulas on the European market has played a significant role in the exacerbation of childhood obesity, confirming what WHO and many health bodies have been saying for many years that breastfeeding provides an ideal window of opportunity for obesity prevention and may help in the development of taste receptors and appetite control. (2)

The studies have been part-funded by the European Commission, but have also had substantial input from the baby food manufacturer, Danone.
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Breast-Fed Babies Know When to Say When

Cues, which bottle-fed infants don’t learn, seem to help later on, study suggests

MONDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) — Babies who are fed directly from the breast in early infancy tend to consume less later in infancy than their bottle-fed counterparts, new research suggests.

This kind of self-regulation of food intake may help explain why past research has found that breast-feeding protects against obesity.

“Infant self-regulation can indeed be affected by how the milk is delivered to the baby,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Ruowei Li, a medical epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “The more infants were fed with a bottle, the more likely that they would empty a bottle in late infancy,” Li added.
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When lactation doesn’t work

As a newly-minted doctor and breastfeeding activist, I used to believe that all mothers could breastfeed. Now, after almost a decade of clinical experience, I know better. Sometimes, breastfeeding physiology just doesn’t work. And frankly, as medical professionals, we handle these situation poorly.

Lactation happens through a choreographed interplay of hormones that build up milk-making machinery during pregnancy and then manufacture milk and deliver it to the baby during feeding. So-called “primary lactation failure,” when a mother’s milk never comes in, may happen because the machinery doesn’t develop , or because the signals to make and move the milk are not in sync or absent altogether.
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Free formula spoils breastfeeding

Almost 40 per cent of new mothers leave the hospital with free infant formula, a recipe for spoiled breastfeeding according to a new Toronto Public Health report.

Women who didn’t receive the free samples were 3.5 times more likely to be breastfeeding exclusively after 2 weeks, said Breastfeeding in Toronto, Promoting Supportive Environments, released Tuesday.

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Researchers find botulism-causing spores in US infant formula

In a newly published study, researchers in the U.S. have identified botulinum spores in multiple containers of commercial infant formula.

The study, “Presence of Soil-Dwelling Clostridia in Commercial Powdered Infant Formulas” will appear in the March 2010 Journal of Pediatrics.

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Disasters and breastfeeding

Some years ago, I was involved in an attempt to stop a group of well-intentioned women from donating formula milk to Laventille, so that “the poor children could have something to eat.”

Nothing I said or did could change their minds and the formula duly arrived in the Laventille Health Centre where it contributed to that year’s outbreak of gastro. A side-effect of this move would have been a decline in the number of children being breastfed, something that is seen, to the delight of those with money invested in formula companies, whenever formula is introduced into a culture as an emergency short-term measure.
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Viola Lennon, co-founder of La Leche League, dies at age 86

Fifty-four years ago, in 1956, Viola Lennon and a group of six other local women started the organization called La Leche League a suburb of Illinois, not far from Aurora. Over the past fifty-four years, Ms. Lennon’s idea has become an international source of support for mothers and has initiated and backed numerous movements for breastfeeding rights. Lennon was a mother of ten and grandmother of eighteen.

Lennon and a small group of women in Illinois first got the idea for a group because they found mothers in their area were hosting small support groups but were not able to advertise them because of the fear of the word breastfeeding appearing in print.
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