Tag Archive for: Cumi, cumisüveg

The Effects of Early Pacifier Use on Breastfeeding Duration

Cynthia R. Howard, Fred M. Howard, Bruce Lanphear, Elisabeth A. deBlieck, Shirley Eberly and Ruth A. Lawrence

PEDIATRICS Vol. 103 No. 3 March 1999, p. e33

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the effects of pacifier use and the timing of pacifier introduction on breastfeeding duration, problems, and frequency.

Methods. A cohort of 265 breastfeeding mother-infant dyads was followed prospectively. Maternal interviews were conducted at delivery, 2, 6, 12, and 24 weeks, and thereafter every 90 days until breastfeeding ended. Information was obtained regarding pacifier use, infant feeding, use of supplemental foods and breastfeeding frequency, duration, and problems. The effect of pacifier introduction by 6 weeks of age on breastfeeding duration was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Pacifier Use and Short Breastfeeding Duration: Cause, Consequence, or Coincidence?

Cesar Gomes Victora, Dominique Pareja Behague, Fernando Celso Barros, Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto, and Elizabeth Weiderpass

PEDIATRICS Vol. 99 No. 3 March 1997, pp. 445-453

Abstract

Objectives. Pacifiers are related to a shorter duration of breastfeeding. However, it is unclear whether this association is causal, because confounding, reverse causality, and self-selection of mothers may play a role. These issues were investigated through a combination of epidemiologic and ethnographic research in southern Brazil.

Methodology. A population-based cohort of 650 mothers and infants were visited shortly after delivery and at 1, 3, and 6 months. The rate of complete follow-up was 96.8%. A subsample of 80 mothers and infants was selected for the ethnographic study, which included in-depth interviews and participant observations in the age range of 2 to 6 months with a mean of 4.5 visits.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-