Bejegyzés

A Guardian és a Save the Children alapítvány legújabb felmérése szerint a tápszercégek továbbra is agresszív, alattomos és gyakran illegális módszereket alkalmaznak annak érdekében, hogy a világ legszegényebb területein élő anyákat meggyőzzék arról, hogy csecsemőiket szoptatás helyett tejporral táplálják.

A Fülöp-szigeteken a Nestlé, az Abbott, a Mead Johnson és a Wyeth (immár a Nestlé tulajdonában) megvásárolja az orvosok, szülésznők és helyi egészségügyi dolgozók együttműködését drága konferenciákra történő ingyenes utaztatásokkal, ebédekkel, műsorokra és mozielőadásokra szóló jegyekkel, sőt szerencsejáték zsetonokkal.

Az orvosok anyagi függőségbe kerülnek a cégekkel, mert ha el akarnak jutni – az általában elegáns szállodákban vagy külföldön tartott – drága orvosi konferenciákra, akkor a tápszercégektől kell támogatást kérniük.
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2017. augusztus 1. | GENF/NEW YORK – A világon egyetlen ország sem felel meg a szoptatásra vonatkozó ajánlásoknak – ez szerepel az UNICEF és a WHO új jelentésében, amelyet a Globális Szoptatási Munkaközösséggel (Global Breastfeeding Collective), egy a globális szoptatási arányok növelésére létrejött új kezdeményezéssel együttműködve készítettek.

Globális Szoptatási Munkaközösség

A “Globális szoptatási eredményjelző-rendszer” (Global Breastfeeding Scorecard), amely 194 nemzetet értékelt, úgy találta, hogy a hat hónapnál fiatalabb gyermekeknek csak 40% -a szopik kizárólagosan (azaz anyatejen kívül nem kap mást), és csak 23 országban haladja meg a kizárólagos szoptatás aránya a 60% -ot.

A bizonyítékok azt mutatják, hogy a szoptatás kognitív és egészségügyi előnyökkel jár mind a csecsemők, mind az édesanyjuk számára.
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Zhang Y, Carlton E, Fein SB.
J Hum Lact. 2013 May 17.

Abstract

Background: Infant formula marketing, either directly to consumers or through health care providers, may influence women’s breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration. However, little is known about the impact of different types of media marketing on infant feeding intentions and behavior.

Objective: This study investigated whether different types of recalled prenatal media marketing exposure to formula and breastfeeding information are related to breastfeeding intentions and behavior.

Methods: Data were from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal study from pregnancy through the infants’ first year. Sample sizes ranged from 1384 to 2530.
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Melissa Bartick, Arnold Reinhold
PEDIATRICS (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1616)

Abstract

Background and Objective A 2001 study revealed that $3.6 billion could be saved if breastfeeding rates were increased to levels of the Healthy People objectives. It studied 3 diseases and totaled direct and indirect costs and cost of premature death. The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding rates and adding additional diseases analyzed in the 2007 breastfeeding report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Study Design Using methods similar to those in the 2001 study, we computed current costs and compared them to the projected costs if 80% and 90% of US families could comply with the recommendation to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months.
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Lori B. Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH; Richard J. Schanler, MD; Karen G. O’Connor, BS; Ruth A. Lawrence, MD

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(12):1142-1149.

Abstract

Objectives To survey pediatricians on their breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices and to compare these results with those of a 1995 study.

Design Cross-sectional follow-up survey.

Setting The Periodic Survey of Fellows survey conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Participants The survey was completed by 875 pediatrician members of the American Academy of Pediatrics from November 1, 2003, through May 21, 2004.

Main Outcome Measures Pediatricians’ recommendations on management, opinions about the benefits and promotion of breastfeeding, and relationship to personal breastfeeding experience were compared with the results of the 1995 survey.
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Position statement by the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, 2008
Preface

The Infant Feeding Survey has been conducted every five years since 1975 and captures a wealth of information about infant feeding practices in the United Kingdom. It helps to describe historical trends in infant feeding practice and identify opportunities for improved implementation of national policy. The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) Subgroup on Maternal and Child Nutrition (SMCN) has reviewed the findings of the 2005 Infant Feeding Survey. It particularly welcomes the significant increases observed in breastfeeding initiation across the UK and a marked reduction in the proportion of infants given solid foods at an inappropriately young age.
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Anna Petrova, Thomas Hegyi, Rajeev Mehta
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2007, 2(2): 92-98.

Abstract

There are a few studies on the consequence of the use of breastmilk substitutes during the postpartum hospital stay on the duration of breastfeeding in the culturally diverse populations of the United States. The main purpose of this study was to identify the association between the in-hospital feeding pattern and the infant’s postdischarge feeding modality during the first month of life in a culturally diverse population of women. Demographic, clinical, and feeding practice data was colleted from the medical charts and interviews of mothers conducted in the first month after singleton delivery of healthy term newborns.
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Roberto G. Chaves, Joel A. Lamounier, Cibele C. César

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2007;83(3):241-6

Abstract

Objectives: To determine rates of exclusive breastfeeding and of complementary feeding and to identify variables that interfere with breastfeeding in the municipality of Itaúna, MG, Brazil.

Methods: A longitudinal study was undertaken enrolling 246 women who gave birth at the maternity unit of the Manoel Gonçalves Hospital, in Itaúna, MG. The mothers and their infants were seen monthly for the first 12 months after birth or until they stopped breastfeeding. Survival analysis procedures were used to study the duration of exclusive breastfeeding and of complementary feeding.
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C Britton, FM McCormick, MJ Renfrew, A Wade, SE King

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 Issue 1

Abstract

Background
There is extensive evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mothers. In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended infants be fed exclusively on breast milk until six months of age. However, breastfeeding rates in many developed countries continue to be resistant to change.

Objectives
To assess the effectiveness of support for breastfeeding mothers.

Search strategy
We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group’s Trials Register (January 2006), MEDLINE (1966 to November 2005), EMBASE (1974 to November 2005) and MIDIRS (1991 to September 2005).
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Barbara Gijsbers, Ilse Mesters, J. Andre Knottnerus, Constant P. Van Schayck
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2006, 1(4): 236-246.

Abstract

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months postpartum is promoted internationally as the preferred method of feeding infants. Infants of parents with a history of asthma in particular could benefit from a longer period (6 months) of breastfeeding, because this may reduce the chance of developing an allergic disease. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial behavioral determinants of the intended duration and actual initiation of breastfeeding in families with a predisposition to asthma.

Methods: This prospective study was part of a randomized trial in which breastfeeding for 6 months was promoted.
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