Tag Archive for: Felmérések

Parental Responses to Infant Crying and Colic: The Effect on Breastfeeding Duration

Cynthia R. Howard, Nancy Lanphear, Bruce P. Lanphear, Shirley Eberly, Ruth A. Lawrence
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2006, 1(3): 146-155.


Context: Infant crying can cause parental distress, and colic is associated with low maternal self-efficacy and heightened risk for depression. Breastfeeding is recognized as an effective method of calming infants, but the relationship of colic and the use of breastfeeding to remedy infant crying have not been tested for any effects on breastfeeding duration.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of infant colic (colic analysis) and breastfeeding as a method of infant calming (calming analysis) on breastfeeding duration.

Design: The authors followed 700 healthy breastfeeding mother–baby dyads from birth to 1 year.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Government funded breastfeeding peer support projects: implications for practice

Fiona Dykes phd, ma, rm, rgn, adm, cert ed
Matern Child Nutr. 2005 Jan;1(1):21-31.


n 1999, the Government, Department of Health in England, UK established the Infant Feeding Initiative. As part of this initiative, 79 1-year infant feeding projects were selected for funding. The funded projects specifically centred upon practice innovation and evaluation in relation to promoting breastfeeding and supporting breastfeeding women in socially excluded communities. The DH recently commissioned a comprehensive evaluation of the 79 projects (DH 2003). This paper focuses upon the evaluation of the 26 DH funded projects that specifically focused upon breastfeeding peer support schemes. The evaluation illuminated many of the challenges involved in implementing community based breastfeeding peer support schemes.
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Views of breastfeeding difficulties among drop-in-clinic attendees

irstin Berridge ba, K. McFadden rgn, J. Abayomi bsc pgcert srd and J. Topping mbchb mrcog
Matern Child Nutr. 2005 Oct;1(4):250-62.


Breast-milk is the optimum form of nutrition for the first 6 months of life. However, breastfeeding rates in the UK are low and static compared to other European countries and those in the North-west of England in the UK are even lower. Of the women who initiate breastfeeding, many cease in the first month following the birth for reasons that might be avoided. To try and prevent this, UNICEF Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) ‘Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding’ state that maternity facilities should foster the development of support groups for breastfeeding women.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

An evaluation of the breastfeeding support skills of midwives and voluntary breastfeeding supporters

Victoria Hall Moran phd bsc, Fiona Dykes ma rm rgn adm cert ed phd, Janet Edwards ma ba rgn rm adm, Sue Burt ma bsc rgn rm adm and Mary Whitmore phd bsc, supporter, trainer bfn, adv dip couns
Matern Child Nutr. 2005 Oct;1(4):241-9.


The promotion of breastfeeding has been established as a global public health issue. Despite this global agenda, breastfeeding initiation and duration rates remain low in many countries. The lack of provision of adequate support to the breastfeeding mother is an important contributory factor to shorter duration of breastfeeding. Health professionals and voluntary breastfeeding supporters are in a prime position to work collaboratively to provide comprehensive support to the breastfeeding mother.
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Turning policy into practice: more difficult than it seems. The case of breastfeeding education

Mary Smale phd, Mary J. Renfrew phd, Joyce L. Marshall phd and Helen Spiby mphil
Matern Child Nutr. 2006 Apr;2(2):103-13.


Breastfeeding is increasingly recognized as a health policy priority. To achieve real change in breastfeeding rates, those who advise and support childbearing women need to be appropriately educated and trained so that they do not disrupt breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to conduct a needs analysis about breastfeeding training among a range of people who advise and support breastfeeding women, including breastfeeding women themselves, to contribute to future provision of education. A qualitative, interview-based study was conducted in one northern UK city with practitioners who support breastfeeding, and breastfeeding women, selected using purposive sampling.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Talmud and Human Lactation: Cultural Basis for Increased Frequency and Duration of Breastfeeding Among Orthodox Jewish Women


Breastfeeding Medicine Mar 2006, Vol. 1, No. 1: 36-40.


Background: The relationship of cultural factors to the breastfeeding patterns has been documented. Given previous reports of the increased frequency and duration of breastfeeding in Orthodox Jewish women, an analysis of the religious and cultural basis of this phenomenon was performed.

Methodology: The published medical literature relating to the religious and sociodemographic variables in Jewish women was summarized. A review of the Talmudic references to the qualities of breast milk, patterns of breastfeeding, and status of the breastfeeding mother were presented.

Results: The Talmudic references confirm a strong endorsement of the superior qualities of breast milk, the recommendation for a prolonged period of breastfeeding (2 to 4 years) and the unique economic and social rights of the breastfeeding mother.
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Socio-economic determinants, maternal smoking and coffee consumption, and exclusive breastfeeding in 10 205 children

Ludvigsson, Jonas; Ludvigsson, Johnny

Acta Paediatrica, Volume 94, Number 9, September 2005, pp. 1310-1319(10)


Aim: To examine socio-economic factors, smoking, coffee consumption and exclusive breastfeeding duration.

Methods: This study was part of a prospective cohort study of children born between 1 October 1997 and 1 October 1999 (the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study). Eleven socio-economic characteristics (parental employment, civil status, whether parents were born in Sweden, parental education, residence at birth and during child’s first year, crowded living), maternal smoking, coffee consumption, infant sex, siblings, parental age, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy were analysed using logistic regression and Cox’s proportional hazards method.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

The influence of breastfeeding technique on the frequencies of exclusive breastfeeding and nipple trauma in the first month…

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2005;81(4):310-6

Enilda M. L. Weigert, Elsa R. J. Giugliani, Maristela C. T. França, Luciana D. de Oliveira, Ana Bonilha, Lílian C. do Espírito Santo, Celina Valderez F. Köhler


Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Brazil are rising, but still remain much too low, being just 23 days in the state capitals (1). A number of different factors could be contributing to this situation, one of which is an inadequate breastfeeding technique (2).

It is relatively recent the knowledge that correct positioning of the mother/baby pair and effective latch on and suction encourage exclusive breastfeeding. If the mother and/or baby are in positions that make it difficult for the baby’s mouth to be adequately positioned in relation to the nipple can result in what is called poor latch on.
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Breastfeeding Rates in the United States: The 2002 National Immunization Survey

Ruowei Li, MD, PhD; Natalie Darling, MPH; Emmanuel Maurice, MS, MA; Lawrence Barker, PhD; and Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, PhD

ABSTRACT. Objective. In the third quarter of 2001,the National Immunization Survey (NIS) began collecting data on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding and whether it was the exclusive method of infant feeding. Using the data from the 2002 NIS, this study estimates breastfeeding rates in the United States by characteristics
of the child, mother, or family.

Methods. The NIS uses random-digit dialing to survey households nationwide with children 19 to 35 months old about vaccinations and then validates the information through a mail survey of the health care providers who gave the vaccinations.
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Feeding habits of breastfed and non-breastfed children up to 1 year old

Graciete O. Vieira , Luciana R. Silva , Tatiana de O. Vieira , João Aprígio G. de Almeida , Vilma A. Cabral

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2004;80(5):411-16


Human milk offers the nutrients that a child needs to begin a healthy life and represents the essential food for infants until their sixth month of life, as an exclusive food, and from then onwards should be complemented with other sources of nutrition until at least 2 years of age (1,2).

Earlier World Health Organization (WHO) documents recommended exclusive breastfeeding for 4-6 months (3). Based on scientific evidence of the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, many countries, including Brazil, officially adopted the recommendation of complementary foods at 6 months of age (4,5).
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-