Newborn Temperature During Skin-to-Skin Breastfeeding in Couples Having Breastfeeding Difficulties

Sheau-Huey Chiu, PhD, RN, PNP, Gene Cranston Anderson, PhD, RN, FAAN2, and Maria D. Burkhammer, RN, CD(DONA), IBCLC

Birth. 2005 Jun;32(2):115-21.

Kangaroo (skin-to-skin contact) care facilitates the maintenance of safe temperatures in newborn infants. Concern persists that infants will become cold while breastfeeding, however, especially if in skin-to-skin contact with the mother. This concern might be especially realistic for infants experiencing breastfeeding difficulties. The objective was to measure temperature during a study of mothers and infants who were having breastfeeding difficulties during early postpartum and were given opportunities to experience skin-to-skin contact during breastfeeding. Method:Forty-eight full-term infants were investigated using a pretest-test-posttest study design.
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Kangaroo Mother Care, an example to follow from developing countries

Juan Gabriel Ruiz-Peláez, Nathalie Charpak, Luis Gabriel Cuervo

BMJ 2004;329:1179–82

Caring for low birthweight infants imposes a heavy burden on poor countries. An effective
healthcare technique developed in 1978 may offer a solution to this problem and additionally be of use in wealthy countries too.

Each year about 20 million infants of low birth weight are born worldwide, which imposes a heavy burden on healthcare and social systems in developing countries. Medical care of low birthweight infants is complex, demands an expensive infrastructure and highly skilled staff, and is often a very disruptive experience for families. Premature babies in poorly resourced settings often end up in understaffed and ill equipped neonatal care units, that may be turned into potentially deadly traps by a range of factors colluding — for example, malfunctioning incubators, broken monitors,overcrowding, nosocomial infections, etc.
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Kangaroo Mother Care – A Practical Guide

Department of Reproductive Health and Research World Health Organization, Geneva 2003

Some 20 million low-birth-weight (LBW) babies are born each year, because of either preterm birth or impaired prenatal growth, mostly in less developed countries. They contribute substantially to a high rate of neonatal mortality whose frequency and distribution correspond to those of poverty. LBW and preterm birth are thus associated with high neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity. Of the estimated 4 million neonatal deaths, preterm and LBW babies represent more than a fifth. Therefore, the care of such infants becomes a burden for health and social systems everywhere.

For many small preterm infants, receiving prolonged medical care is important.
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Kangaroo Mother Care and the Bonding Hypothesis

Réjean Tessier, Marta Cristo, Stella Velez, Marta Girón, SW, Zita Figueroa de Calume, Juan G. Ruiz-Paláez, Yves Charpak, Nathalie Charpak

PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 2 August 1998, p. e17


Kangaroo mother care (KMC) was first suggested in 1978 by Dr Edgar Rey in Bogotá, Colombia. It was developed initially as a way of compensating for the overcrowding and scarcity of resources in hospitals caring for low birth weight (LBW) infants. The term KMC is derived from practice similarities to marsupial caregiving, ie, the premature infant is kept warm in the maternal pouch and close to the breasts for unlimited feeding.
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