Tag Archive for: Összefoglalók

A Breastfeeding-Friendly Approach to Depression in New Mothers

Curriculum and Resource Guide for Health Care Providers

Curriculum Objectives

After completing this curriculum, health care providers will be able to:

  • Identify women who may be at risk for depression in the perinatal period.
  • Recognize the symptoms of depression and other mood disorders in pregnant and postpartum women.
  • Describe how postpartum mood disorders may impact breastfeeding.
  • Describe the causes of postpartum depression.
  • Provide information to mothers so they can weigh the risks and benefits of various treatment options for depression.
  • Work with mothers to preserve the breastfeeding relationship whenever possible.

A teljes dokumentum letölthető innen.
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Recognizing and Treating Delayed or Failed Lactogenesis II

Nancy M. Hurst
J Midwifery Womens Health 2007;52:588–594


Delayed or failed achievement of lactogenesis II – the onset of copious milk volume – occurs as a result of various maternal and/or infant factors. Early recognition of these risk factors is critical for clinicians who interact with breastfeeding women so that intervention and achievement of full or partial breastfeeding can be preserved.

This article describes the maternal and infant conditions that contribute to the unsuccessful establishment of a full lactation. Treatment modalities that can maximize maternal lactation capacity and infant growth rates are offered.

A teljes cikk innen letölthető.

Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health főoldal
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Outcomes of Breastfeeding versus Formula Feeding

A csecsemőtáplálás módjának a csecsemő és az anya egészségére gyakorlt hatásával kapcsolatos kutatási eredmények jól áttekinthető összefoglalása.

Letölthető a La leche League International oldaláról.
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Breastfeeding and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes in Developed Countries

Stanley Ip, M.D., Mei Chung, M.P.H., Gowri Raman, M.D., Priscilla Chew, M.P.H., Nombulelo Magula, M.D., Deirdre DeVine, M.Litt., Thomas Trikalinos, M.D., Ph.D., Joseph Lau, M.D.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, April 2007

Structured Abstract

Objectives: We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries.

Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE®, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in November of 2005. Supplemental searches on selected outcomes were searched through May of 2006. We also identified additional studies in bibliographies of selected reviews and by suggestions from technical experts.
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Evidence on the long-term effects of breastfeeding: systematic review and meta-analyses

Bernardo L. Horta, Rajiv Bahl, José C. Martines, Cesar G. Victora
World Health Organization 2007

Executive summary

Background: Breastfeeding presents clear short-term benefits for child health, mainly protection against morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. On the other hand, there is some controversy on the long-term consequences of breastfeeding. Whereas some studies reported that breastfed subjects present a higher level of school achievement and performance in intelligence
tests, as well as lower blood pressure, lower total cholesterol and a lower prevalence of overweight
and obesity, others have failed to detect such associations.

Objectives: The primary objective of this series of systematic reviews was to assess the effects of breastfeeding on blood pressure, diabetes and related indicators, serum cholesterol, overweight and obesity, and intellectual performance.
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Baby‐Friendly: snappy slogan or standard of care?

Philipp BL, Radford A.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2006 Mar;91(2):F145-9.


Breastfeeding offers significant protection against illness for the infant and numerous health benefits for the mother, including a decreased risk of breast cancer. In 1991, UNICEF and WHO launched the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative with the aim of increasing rates of breastfeeding. “Baby-Friendly” is a designation a maternity site can receive by demonstrating to external assessors compliance with the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The Ten Steps are a series of best practice standards describing a pattern of care where commonly found practices harmful to breastfeeding are replaced with evidence based practices proven to increase breastfeeding outcome.
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Quantifying the Benefits of Breastfeeding: A Summary of the Evidence

Natalia León-Cava, Chessa Lutter, Jay Ross, Luann Martin

The Food and Nutrition Program (HPN)
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
The LINKAGES Project
2002 June

This annotated bibliography summarizes the published literature on the following six topics related to the benefits of breastfeeding:

  • Infant morbidity because of diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, otitis media and ear infections, and other infectious diseases
  • Infant mortality because of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection, and all causes
  • Child development
  • Chronic diseases, particularly obesity, diabetes, and cancer
  • Maternal health effects, with special emphasis on breast and ovarian cancers
  • Economic benefits

The work described here attests to the enormous benefits of breastfeeding in terms of infant health, intellectual and motor development, later chronic disease risk, and maternal health.
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A Review of the Medical Benefits and Contraindications to Breastfeeding in the United States

Ruth A. Lawrence, M.D., 1997.

(Maternal and Child Health Technical Information Bulletin). Arlington, VA: National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health

In any statement about breastfeeding and breastmilk (human milk), it is important first to establish breastmilk’s distinct and irreplaceable value to the human infant. Breastmilk is more than just good nutrition. Human breastmilk is specific for the needs of the human infant just as the milk of thousands of other mammalian species is specifically designed for their offspring. The unique composition of breastmilk provides the ideal nutrients for human brain growth in the first year of life.

Cholesterol, desoxyhexanoic acid, and taurine are particularly important.
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Postpartum Breastfeeding Assessments

Verity Livingstone

Journal SOGC February 1996


Despite a high initiation rate of breastfeeding in hospital, most mothers stop breastfeeding within a few weeks, “The window of professional unavailability” and lack of breastfeeding management skills among health professionals are partly to blame. This article, the third in a series, reviews the physiology of ongoing lactation, and outlines a protocol for post-partum breastfeeding that can be incorporated into routine postpartum management.

It reviews the early detection of infants at risk for breastfeeding difficulties and insufficient milk intake. It outlines topics for discussion and anticipatory guidance at age appropriate intervals including breastfeeding and sexuality, introduction of solids, and child led weaning.
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In-Hospital Lactation Assessment

Verity Livingstone

Journal SOGC January 1996


Obstetricians and family physicians play a privotal role in helping mothers to initiate lactation and to establish succesful breastfeeding in hospital. They can ensure that hospital policies and practices support breastfeeding, they can identify mothers and infants at risk for difficulties, and can offer early management advice.

This article outlines standardized in-hospital breast feeding protocols and assessments that can be used by health professionals on the wards.

A teljes cikk letölthető a Vancouver Breastfeeding Centre oldaláról.
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