Tag Archive for: Szoptatás és elhízás

Breastfeeding helps explain racial and socioeconomic status disparities in adolescent adiposity

Woo JG, Dolan LM, Morrow AL, Geraghty SR, Goodman E.
Pediatrics. 2008 Mar;121(3):e458-65.


OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that breastfeeding is protective for later obesity; however, this association has not held among all racial and socioeconomic status groups. Racial and socioeconomic status differences in breastfeeding behavior have also been noted. In this study, we formally test whether breastfeeding mediates the relationship between race and socioeconomic status with adolescent adiposity.

METHODS: Data were analyzed from 739 black and white 10- to 19-year-old adolescents who participated in a large, school-based study. Parents provided information on parental education, used to measure socioeconomic status, and whether the child was breastfed as an infant.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Outcomes of Breastfeeding versus Formula Feeding

A csecsemőtáplálás módjának a csecsemő és az anya egészségére gyakorlt hatásával kapcsolatos kutatási eredmények jól áttekinthető összefoglalása.

Letölthető a La leche League International oldaláról.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Breastfeeding and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes in Developed Countries

Stanley Ip, M.D., Mei Chung, M.P.H., Gowri Raman, M.D., Priscilla Chew, M.P.H., Nombulelo Magula, M.D., Deirdre DeVine, M.Litt., Thomas Trikalinos, M.D., Ph.D., Joseph Lau, M.D.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, April 2007

Structured Abstract

Objectives: We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries.

Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE®, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in November of 2005. Supplemental searches on selected outcomes were searched through May of 2006. We also identified additional studies in bibliographies of selected reviews and by suggestions from technical experts.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Szoptatás és a gyermekkori elhízás kockázata

Breast-Feeding and Risk for Childhood Obesity
Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, PHD, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, MPH, Li Zhou, MS1 Frank B. Hu, MD, PHD, Graham A. Colditz, MD, DRPH and Matthew W. Gillman, MD, SM
Diabetes Care 29:2231-2237, 2006

Számít-e az anyai cukorbetegség vagy az anyai elhízás?


Az utóbbi időben készült meta-analízisek azt találták, hogy a szoptatás mintegy 13-22%-kal csökkenti a gyermekkori vagy a későbbi elhízás kockázatát. Harder és munkatársainak meta-analízise ezen felül megállapította, hogy a hatás dózisfüggő: minél tovább tart a szoptatás, annál kifejezettebb. A hatás alapja lehet, hogy a szoptatás esetében az anya a csecsemő igényeit veszi figyelembe az etetéskor, míg a mesterséges táplálás során az anya dönti el, hogy mennyi táplálékot fogyaszt a kisbaba.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Evidence on the long-term effects of breastfeeding: systematic review and meta-analyses

Bernardo L. Horta, Rajiv Bahl, José C. Martines, Cesar G. Victora
World Health Organization 2007

Executive summary

Background: Breastfeeding presents clear short-term benefits for child health, mainly protection against morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. On the other hand, there is some controversy on the long-term consequences of breastfeeding. Whereas some studies reported that breastfed subjects present a higher level of school achievement and performance in intelligence
tests, as well as lower blood pressure, lower total cholesterol and a lower prevalence of overweight
and obesity, others have failed to detect such associations.

Objectives: The primary objective of this series of systematic reviews was to assess the effects of breastfeeding on blood pressure, diabetes and related indicators, serum cholesterol, overweight and obesity, and intellectual performance.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Breast-Feeding and Risk for Childhood Obesity – Does maternal diabetes or obesity status matter?

Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, PHD, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, MPH, Li Zhou, MS, Frank B. Hu, MD, PHD, Graham A. Colditz, MD, DRPH and Matthew W. Gillman, MD, SM

Diabetes Care 29:2231-2237, 2006


OBJECTIVE — We sought to evaluate whether maternal diabetes or weight status attenuates a previously reported beneficial effect of breast-feeding on childhood obesity.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — Growing Up Today Study (GUTS) participants were offspring of women who participated in the Nurses’ Health Study II. In the present study, 15,253 girls and boys (aged 9–14 years in 1996) were included. Maternal diabetes and weight status and infant feeding were obtained by maternal self-report.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight in childhood: a prospective birth cohort study from Germany

M Weyermann, D Rothenbacher and H Brenner

International Journal of Obesity (2006) 30, 1281–1287


Whereas a recently published meta-analysis showed that ever breastfeeding reduces the risk of obesity in childhood significantly, the recent literature describing the relationship between duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight or obesity in childhood remains inconclusive.

Between November 2000 and November 2001, all mothers and their newborns were recruited after delivery at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the University of Ulm, Germany. Active follow-up was performed at the age of 12 months and 24 months.

Of the 1066 children included in the baseline examination, information on body mass index was available for 855 (80%) at the 2-year follow-up.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Breast-feeding and Overweight in Adolescence

Gillman, Matthew W.; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L.; Berkey, Catherine S.; Frazier, A Lindsay; Rockett, Helaine R. H.; Camargo, Carlos A. Jr; Field, Alison E.; Colditz, Graham A

Epidemiology. 17(1):112-114, January 2006


Background: Previous reports have found associations between having been breast-fed and a reduced risk of being overweight. These associations may be confounded by sociocultural determinants of both breast-feeding and obesity. We addressed this possibility by assessing the association of breast-feeding duration with adolescent obesity within sibling sets.

Methods: We surveyed 5614 siblings age 9 to 14 years and their mothers. These children were a subset of participants in the Growing Up Today Study, in which we had previously reported an inverse association of breast-feeding duration with overweight.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Duration of Breastfeeding and Risk of Overweight: A Meta-Analysis

Thomas Harder, Renate Bergmann, Gerd Kallischnigg and Andreas Plagemann

American Journal of Epidemiology 2005 162(5):397-403

Observational studies suggest a longer duration of breastfeeding to be associated dose dependently with a decrease in risk of overweight in later life. The authors performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of the existing studies on duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight.

Studies were included that reported the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (or the data to calculate them) of overweight associated with breastfeeding and that reported the duration of breastfeeding and used exclusively formula-fed subjects as the referent. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. By meta-regression, the duration of breastfeeding was inversely associated with the risk of overweight (regression coefficient = 0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89, 0.98).
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-

Association of Breastfeeding With Maternal Control of Infant Feeding at Age 1 Year

ABSTRACT. Objective. Previous studies have found that breastfeeding may protect infants against future overweight. One proposed mechanism is that breastfeeding, compared with bottle-feeding, may promote maternal feeding styles that are less controlling and more responsive to infant cues of hunger and satiety, thereby allowing infants greater self-regulation of energy intake. The objective of this study was to examine whether preponderance of breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding duration are associated with less maternal restrictive behavior and less pressure to eat.
Pediatrics 2004;114:e577–e583.

A teljes cikk itt olvasható.
-> Olvasd el a teljes cikket. <-