Exclusive Breast-Feeding for at Least 4 Months Protects Against Otitis Media

Burris Duncan, John Ey, Catharine J. Holberg, Anne L. Wright, Fernando D. Martinez, Lynn M. Taussig
PEDIATRICS Vol. 91 No. 5 May 1993, pp. 867-872


Objective. This study was designed to assess the relation of exclusive breast-feeding, independent of recognized risk factors, to acute and recurrent otitis media in the first 12 months of life.

Methods. Records of 1220 infants who used a health maintenance organization and who were followed during their first year of life as part of the Tucson Children’s Respiratory Study were reviewed. Detailed prospective information about the duration and exclusiveness of breast-feeding was obtained, as was information relative to potential risk factors (socioeconomic status, gender, number of siblings, use of day care, maternal smoking, and family history of allergy).
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