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Role of human milk in extremely low birth weight infants’ risk of necrotizing enterocolitis or death

J Meinzen-Derr, B Poindexter, L Wrage, A L Morrow, B Stoll and E F Donovan

Journal of Perinatology (2009) 29, 57–62

Objective: To determine the association between human milk (HM) intake and risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death among infants 401 to 1000 g birth weight.

Conclusion: These data suggest a dose-related association of HM feeding with a reduction of risk of NEC or death after the first 2 weeks of life among extremely low birth weight infants.

Teljes cikk

Journal of Perinatology főoldal
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Outcomes of Breastfeeding versus Formula Feeding

A csecsemőtáplálás módjának a csecsemő és az anya egészségére gyakorlt hatásával kapcsolatos kutatási eredmények jól áttekinthető összefoglalása.

Letölthető a La leche League International oldaláról.
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Maternal Antibodies in Breast Milk Protect the Child From Enterovirus Infections

Karita Sadeharju, MD, PhD, Mikael Knip, MD, PhD, Suvi M. Virtanen, MD, PhD, Erkki Savilahti, MD, PhD, Sisko Tauriainen, PhD, Pentti Koskela, MD, PhD, Hans K. Åkerblom, MD, PhD, Heikki Hyöty, MD, PhD and and the Finnish TRIGR Study Group

PEDIATRICS Vol. 119 No. 5 May 2007, pp. 941-946

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Enterovirus infections are frequent in infants and may cause severe complications. We set out to assess whether breastfeeding can protect against these infections and whether such an effect is related to maternal antibodies in breast milk or in the peripheral circulation of the infant.

METHODS. One hundred fifty infants who were prospectively followed up from birth were monitored for enterovirus infections.
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Breastfeeding and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes in Developed Countries

Stanley Ip, M.D., Mei Chung, M.P.H., Gowri Raman, M.D., Priscilla Chew, M.P.H., Nombulelo Magula, M.D., Deirdre DeVine, M.Litt., Thomas Trikalinos, M.D., Ph.D., Joseph Lau, M.D.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, April 2007

Structured Abstract

Objectives: We reviewed the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding on short- and long-term infant and maternal health outcomes in developed countries.

Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE®, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in November of 2005. Supplemental searches on selected outcomes were searched through May of 2006. We also identified additional studies in bibliographies of selected reviews and by suggestions from technical experts.
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Early human milk feeding is associated with a lower risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants

P M Sisk, C A Lovelady, R G Dillard, K J Gruber and T M O’Shea

Journal of Perinatology (2007) 27, 428–433; published online 19 April 2007

Abstract

Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a frequent cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Human milk (HM) feeding has been associated with lower risk of NEC. However, mothers of VLBW infants often experience insufficient milk production, resulting in mixed feedings of HM and formula. Moreover, medical complications often limit the volume of feeding they can be given.

Objective: To determine if high proportions of (50% or greater) HM enteral feeding within the first 14 days of life are protective against NEC.
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Breastfeeding and Hospitalization for Diarrheal and Respiratory Infection in the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study

Maria A. Quigley, MSc, Yvonne J. Kelly, PhD and Amanda Sacker, PhDb

PEDIATRICS Vol. 119 No. 4 April 2007, pp. e837-e842

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to measure the effect of breastfeeding on hospitalization for diarrheal and lower respiratory tract infections in the first 8 months after birth in contemporary United Kingdom.

METHODS. The study was a population-based survey (sweep 1 of the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study). Data on infant feeding, infant health, and a range of confounding factors were available for 15890 healthy, singleton, term infants who were born in 2000–2002. The main outcome measures were parental report of hospitalization for diarrhea and lower respiratory tract infection in the first 8 months after birth.
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Full Breastfeeding and Hospitalization as a Result of Infections in the First Year of Life

José María Paricio Talayero, MD, PhD, Máxima Lizán-García, MD, PhD, Ángel Otero Puime, MD, PhD, María José Benlloch Muncharaz, MD, Beatriz Beseler Soto, MD, Marta Sánchez-Palomares, MD, Luis Santos Serrano, MD and Leonardo Landa Rivera, MD

PEDIATRICS Vol. 118 No. 1 July 2006, pp. e92-e99

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE. Our objective was to assess the effect of breastfeeding on the probability of hospitalization as a result of infectious processes during the first year of life.

METHODS. We followed 1385 infants from birth to age 1 year between 1996 and 1999. Recruitment and data collection were done at the 6-month well-infant visit under the National Child Health Program.
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Effect of breast feeding on risk of coeliac disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

A K Akobeng, A V Ramanan, I Buchan and R F Heller

Archives of Disease in Childhood 2006;91:39-43

Background: Coeliac disease (CD) is a disorder that may depend on genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. Recent observational studies suggest that breast feeding may prevent the development of CD.

Aim: To evaluate articles that compared effects of breast feeding on risk of CD.

Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1966 and June 2004 that examined the association between breast feeding and the development of CD.

Results: Six case-control studies met the inclusion criteria. With the exception of one small study, all the included studies found an association between increasing duration of breast feeding and decreased risk of developing CD.
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Effect of a Low-Allergen Maternal Diet on Colic Among Breastfed Infants: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

David J. Hill, FRACP, Neil Roy, FRACP, Ralf G. Heine, MD, FRACP, Clifford S. Hosking, MD, FRACP, Dorothy E. Francis, APD, Jennifer Brown, RN, Bernadette Speirs, RN, Joel Sadowsky, FRACP and John B. Carlin, PhD

PEDIATRICS Vol. 116 No. 5 November 2005, pp. e709-e715

ABSTRACT

Background. There is controversy regarding whether hypersensitivity to food proteins contributes to colic among breastfed infants.

Methods. A randomized, controlled trial of a low-allergen maternal diet was conducted among exclusively breastfed infants presenting with colic. In the active arm, mothers excluded cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, and fish from their diet; mothers in the control group continued to consume these foods.
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Child feeding and diarrhea morbidity

Graciete O. Vieira, Luciana R. Silva, Tatiana de O. Vieira

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2003;79(5):449-54

Introduction

Feeding at the breast is of great relevance to the protection of children from a large number of different infections, above all acute diarrhea (1). In a meta-analysis performed under the auspices of the WHO and based on data from three continents, it was demonstrated that the risk of death from infectious diseases is 5.8 times greater for infants weaned during the first two months of life when compared with those who are breastfed. This protection reduces as the child grows and during the second year, the level of risk oscillates between 1.6 and 2.1 (1).
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