Tag Archive for: Szoptatás és társadalom, szoptatás és kultúra

Parental Responses to Infant Crying and Colic: The Effect on Breastfeeding Duration

Cynthia R. Howard, Nancy Lanphear, Bruce P. Lanphear, Shirley Eberly, Ruth A. Lawrence
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2006, 1(3): 146-155.


Context: Infant crying can cause parental distress, and colic is associated with low maternal self-efficacy and heightened risk for depression. Breastfeeding is recognized as an effective method of calming infants, but the relationship of colic and the use of breastfeeding to remedy infant crying have not been tested for any effects on breastfeeding duration.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of infant colic (colic analysis) and breastfeeding as a method of infant calming (calming analysis) on breastfeeding duration.

Design: The authors followed 700 healthy breastfeeding mother–baby dyads from birth to 1 year.
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Breastfeeding and family life

Tina Lavender, Catherine McFadden and Lisa Baker
Matern Child Nutr. 2006 Jul;2(3):145-55.


The problems faced by breastfeeding mothers are well documented. However, the influence of social networks has mainly received attention solely through the eyes of the women. Therefore, we explored the views of the family as a whole. This exploratory study utilizes semi-structured interviews, diaries and questionnaires. A purposive sample of 24 women and their families, from a hospital in the north-west of England were invited to participate. Questionnaire data were analysed descriptively. Diaries and interviews were analysed using an open coding mechanism to identify emergent themes. Twenty-three women and 27 of their family members participated.
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Exploring women’s views of breastfeeding: a focus group study within an area with high levels of socio-economic deprivation

Alison McFadden and Glenyce Toole
Matern Child Nutr. 2006 Jul;2(3):156-68.


There is ample evidence of the short- and long-term health benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and infants, yet breastfeeding rates remain low in the UK, particularly in areas of high social deprivation. It is imperative that appropriate strategies are utilized to support more women to initiate and continue breastfeeding. This study used focus group methodology to explore women’s views in relation to breastfeeding.
The study was conducted within an area with high levels of socio-economic deprivation in the north-east of England and aimed to identify local barriers to breastfeeding, influences on choice of infant-feeding method and strategies which might improve breastfeeding rates.
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The Religious and Cultural Bases for Breastfeeding Practices Among the Hindus

Nirupama Laroia, Deeksha Sharma
Breastfeeding Medicine. 2006, 1(2): 94-98.


In Hindu communities, breastfeeding is nearly universal and continues for most children beyond infancy. This review examines the religious and cultural basis for the contemporary breastfeeding practices amongst the Hindu.
Practices at the time of birth and feeding rituals like prelacteal feeds, importance and timing of complementary feeds, and protections for the breastfeeding mother are examined from the published medical literature and available religious texts. Hindu Vedic literature and ancient ayurvedic texts underscore the importance of breastfeeding in the Hindu society. Although almost every Hindu child gets some breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding for the recommended duration and early initiation of breastfeeding are not that common.
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Talmud and Human Lactation: Cultural Basis for Increased Frequency and Duration of Breastfeeding Among Orthodox Jewish Women


Breastfeeding Medicine Mar 2006, Vol. 1, No. 1: 36-40.


Background: The relationship of cultural factors to the breastfeeding patterns has been documented. Given previous reports of the increased frequency and duration of breastfeeding in Orthodox Jewish women, an analysis of the religious and cultural basis of this phenomenon was performed.

Methodology: The published medical literature relating to the religious and sociodemographic variables in Jewish women was summarized. A review of the Talmudic references to the qualities of breast milk, patterns of breastfeeding, and status of the breastfeeding mother were presented.

Results: The Talmudic references confirm a strong endorsement of the superior qualities of breast milk, the recommendation for a prolonged period of breastfeeding (2 to 4 years) and the unique economic and social rights of the breastfeeding mother.
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