Tag Archive for: A szoptatás egyéb hatásai

Breastfeeding, brain activation to own infant cry, and maternal sensitivity

Kim P, Feldman R, Mayes LC, Eicher V, Thompson N, Leckman JF, Swain JE.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Apr 18. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02406.x. [Epub ahead of print]


Background:  Research points to the importance of breastfeeding for promoting close mother–infant contact and social-emotional development. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have identified brain regions related to maternal behaviors. However, little research has addressed the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the relationship between breastfeeding and maternal behavior in human mothers. We investigated the associations between breastfeeding, maternal brain response to own infant stimuli, and maternal sensitivity in the early postpartum.

Methods:  Seventeen biological mothers of healthy infants participated in two matched groups according to feeding method – exclusive breastfeeding and exclusive formula-feeding at 2–4 weeks postpartum.
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Valóban meg kell-e kezdeni a hozzátáplálást 6 hónapos kor előtt?

A La Leche Liga angliai szervezetének válasza a British Medical Journal című orvosi szaklapban 2011 januárjában megjelent cikkre, amely megkérdőjelezi a hozzátáplálás nem korábban, mint 6 hónapos korban való elkezdésére vonatkozó eddigi ajánlásokat

A La Leche Liga már több mint 50 éve nyújt információt és támogatást azoknak a szülőknek, akik szoptatni szeretnék gyermeküket. Munkája során osztja a WHO, az Egészségügyi Minisztérium és más mértékadó szervezetek azon nézeteit, miszerint a csecsemők optimális növekedését, fejlődését és egészségét az szolgálja legjobban, ha életük első 6 hónapjában kizárólag szopnak. Ezután pedig a szoptatást kiegészítve kapjanak a kisbabák megfelelő minőségű ételeket, hogy növekvő, változó táplálékigényüket kielégíthessék.
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Longer Breastfeeding Is Associated with Increased Lower Body Explosive Strength during Adolescence

Artero EG, Ortega FB, España-Romero V, Labayen I, Huybrechts I, Papadaki A, Rodriguez G, Mauro B, Widhalm K, Kersting M, Manios Y, Molnar D, Moreno LA, Sjöström M, Gottrand F, Castillo MJ, De Henauw S; HELENA Study Group.
J Nutr. 2010 Nov;140(11):1989-95.


Our aim in this study was to examine the association between breastfeeding duration and cardiorespiratory fitness, isometric strength, and explosive strength during adolescence. A total of 2567 adolescents (1426 girls) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) cross-sectional study aged 12.5-17.5 y were included.

Information about duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding was obtained retrospectively by means of a parental questionnaire.
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Breastfeeding and Risk for Fever after Immunization

Pisacane A, Continisio P, Palma O, Cataldo S, De Michele F, Vairo U.
Pediatrics. 2010 May 17. [Epub ahead of print]


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of breastfeeding on the risk for fever after routine immunizations.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted at a pediatric vaccination center in Naples, Italy. The mothers of the infants scheduled to receive routine immunizations were instructed on how to measure and record infant temperature on the evening of the vaccination and for the subsequent 3 days. The information about the incidence of fever was obtained by telephone on the third day after vaccination.
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The Burden of Suboptimal Breastfeeding in the United States: A Pediatric Cost Analysis

Melissa Bartick, Arnold Reinhold
PEDIATRICS (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1616)


Background and Objective A 2001 study revealed that $3.6 billion could be saved if breastfeeding rates were increased to levels of the Healthy People objectives. It studied 3 diseases and totaled direct and indirect costs and cost of premature death. The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding rates and adding additional diseases analyzed in the 2007 breastfeeding report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Study Design Using methods similar to those in the 2001 study, we computed current costs and compared them to the projected costs if 80% and 90% of US families could comply with the recommendation to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months.
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Serum lutein concentrations in healthy term infants fed human milk or infant formula with lutein.

Bettler J, Zimmer JP, Neuringer M, DeRusso PA.
Eur J Nutr. 2010 Feb;49(1):45-51.


Background Lutein is a carotenoid that may play a role in eye health. Human milk typically contains higher concentrations of lutein than infant formula. Preliminary data suggest there are differences in serum lutein concentrations between breastfed and formula-fed infants.

Aim of the study To measure the serum lutein concentrations among infants fed human milk or formulas with and without added lutein.

Methods A prospective, double-masked trial was conducted in healthy term formula-fed infants (n = 26) randomized between 9 and 16 days of age to study formulas containing 20 (unfortified), 45, 120, and 225 mcg/l of lutein.
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The Risks of Not Breastfeeding for Mothers and Infants

Alison Stuebe, MD, MSc
Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Fall; 2(4): 222–231.


Health outcomes in developed countries differ substantially for mothers and infants who formula feed compared with those who breastfeed. For infants, not being breastfed is associated with an increased incidence of infectious morbidity, as well as elevated risks of childhood obesity, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, leukemia, and sudden infant death syndrome.

For mothers, failure to breastfeed is associated with an increased incidence of premenopausal breast cancer, ovarian cancer, retained gestational weight gain, type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, and the metabolic syndrome. Obstetricians are uniquely positioned to counsel mothers about the health impact of breastfeeding and to ensure that mothers and infants receive appropriate, evidence-based care, starting at birth.
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Breastfeeding and early infection in the aetiology of childhood leukaemia in Down syndrome

J Flores-Lujano, M L Perez-Saldivar, E M Fuentes-Pananá, C Gorodezky, R Bernaldez-Rios, M A Del Campo-Martinez, A Martinez-Avalos, A Medina-Sanson, R Paredes-Aguilera, J De Diego-Flores Chapa, V Bolea-Murga, M C Rodriguez-Zepeda, R Rivera-Luna, M A Palomo-Colli, L Romero-Guzman, P Perez-Vera, M Alvarado-Ibarra, F Salamanca-Gómez, A Fajardo-Gutierrez and J M Mejía-Aranguré

British Journal of Cancer (2009) 101, 860–864.

Background: For a child to develop acute leukaemia (AL), environmental exposure may not be sufficient: interaction with a susceptibility factor to the disease, such as Down syndrome (DS), may also be necessary. We assessed whether breastfeeding and early infection were associated with the risk of developing AL in children with DS.
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Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Risk of Postpartum Relapses in Women With Multiple Sclerosis

Annette Langer-Gould, Stella M. Huang, Rohit Gupta, Amethyst D. Leimpeter, Eleni Greenwood, Kathleen B. Albers, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, Lorene M. Nelson
Arch Neurol. 2009;66(8):958-963.


Objective: To determine if exclusive breastfeeding protects against postpartum relapses of multiple sclerosis (MS) and, if so, whether this protection is related to prolonged lactational amenorrhea.

Design: We conducted structured interviews to assess clinical, menstrual, and breastfeeding history during each trimester and 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months postpartum and collected neurological examination findings from the treating physicians of women with MS. Hazards ratios (HRs) were adjusted for measures of disease severity and age.
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Breastfeeding—An Extrauterine Link Between Mother and Child

Samuli Rautava and W. Allan Walker
BREASTFEEDING MEDICINE Volume 4, Number 1, 2009


In addition to a near-optimal combination of nutrients for the growing infant, breastmilk contains a wide array of bioactive molecules that are known to protect the infant against infectious disease and modulate the composition of the indigenous intestinal microbiota. A growing number of factors that modulate the infant’s immunophysiology have also been identified in breastmilk.

We suggest that this early immunomodulation via breastmilk is vital for infant health and may explain the epidemiological data indicating that breastmilk reduces the risk of immunoinflammatory conditions in infancy and also later in life.
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